Tar training in Karaj
Tar instrument training is held in Karaj at Gaam Music School .
Those who are interested in learning this instrument learn this instrument under the supervision of experienced teachers of this school.
The tar instrument is one of the wound string instruments of Iranian traditional music.
Which has been taken from Iran to other countries such as Azerbaijan, Georgia and Armenia. The string is played with a percussion instrument.
The string instrument can be placed in a category in the group of percussion (wound) instruments.
When playing with stringed instruments, tied wounds such as strings, strings, or fiddles. Each time we press one of the strings on a point on the handle with our left hand, we change the length of the vibrating string and consequently change the note or sound of the string. Able to play multiple notes.
Instruments such as the dulcimer or the law in which the note does not change with the change in string length are also called absolute wound string instruments.
Instruments in which each string plays only one note in a fixed string.
Wood, bark, bone and gutter are used in making tar.
The warmer bowl is made more than the old mulberry wood stump, and the older the wood, the better the sound due to its dryness.
The curtains are made of sheep intestine and the handle is usually made of walnut wood.
The resonant bowl is made of one piece of wood in two hollow volumes, one larger and the other smaller, which is called the larger part of the bowl and the smaller part is called the tin.
Several ridges (usually from twenty-six to twenty-eight) are closed on the handle.
The curtains (formerly known as the hands) will show the musician the exact location of the notes based on the vibration and rhythm of the area.
The length of the string instrument has six metal strings and the length of this instrument (handle, resonant bowl, earphone and headband) is about 95 cm.
The string player places it in a sitting position and horizontally on the thigh.
The musician holds the handle in his left hand and plays the percussion in his right hand.
Tar has been one of the main instruments of Iranian music for about two hundred years.
Proficiency in the string instrument requires time, perseverance and interest.
Tar History Maker
According to a narrator, Tar dates back to the time of Farabi (260-360 AH), a famous Iranian musician.
And after him, it has been used and used by Safi al-Din Ermavi and others.
According to this, the prototype of Tar is related to the Safavid period (1080 AH).
Which can be seen in the paintings of Hasht Behesht Palace in Isfahan.
But the pattern of the thread in the past goes back to the Qajar period in its present form and manner.
Familiarity with tar
Tar is common in Iran and some other regions of the Middle East, such as Tajikistan, the Republic of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, and other parts of the Caucasus, in various forms and methods (both administratively and structurally).
The string is an Iranian percussion stringed instrument that consists of various parts, including a resonant bowl, handle, claw, string, vault, naughty, hands and ear.
Wood, bone, skin, gut and metal are used to make this instrument.
The resonant bowl consists of two pear-shaped parts (one larger and the other smaller).
The larger part is called a “bowl” and the smaller part is called a “tin”.
The bowls are made of mulberry wood.
The skin is pulled on the mouths of the bowls, the best type of which is prepared from the skin of a lamb.
The string is made of hard wood, such as walnut or mulberry, in the form of solid tubes approximately 50 cm long and approximately 40 cm in diameter, on which the handles are closed at regular intervals.
On both sides of the handle, two pieces of bone are placed from the claw to the bowl, which prevent the erosion of the wood due to excessive contact of the fingers.
In the warp part of the warp, there are six earphones with the number of warp wires, which are made of wood.
“A piece of bone is thin and low, about 2 mm wide and 2 mm high.
Which is located between the handle and the claw and has shallow grooves that the wires pass through each of these grooves and go to the phone.
“The devil creates height and prevents the wires from colliding with the handle.”
Today, typically 28 hands (in some cases 25 hands) are tied to a bundle of yarn made of twisted gut or nylon thread.
Each hand is tied at a certain distance, four or three times, around a bunch of thread and tied.
The position of the hands on the handle is not fixed and in different devices, some hands are moved to some extent.
The handles create a height on the handle on the string, which breaks during fingering in the wire.
This wire breakage creates different frequencies in different circuits.
Master Alinaghi Vaziri, in order to expand the thread, has continued the thread on the drum and added six hands to it.
It is a small piece of wood or bone that is mounted on the end of the bowl body and has grooves into which the twisted loop or knot of one end of the wire falls.
The warp has 6 wires. From bottom to top, the first and second wires, which are made of steel, and the third and fourth wires, which are made of copper, are tuned together in pairs of the same frequency.
In the past, tar had 5 wires.
In fact, it had the first, second, third, fourth and sixth strings today, to which the fifth string was later added by Darvishkhan.
The tuning of the strings can be changed in the performance of Iranian musical instruments and songs.
But usually the fourth or fifth descending distances between the main wires are maintained.
The fifth and sixth strings, also called Wakhawan strings, are variable in terms of tuning.
The range of the string instrument
The usual range of string sound is two octaves and six notes.
Tar key notation
The tar notation is carried by the second line cello key.
“The percussion instrument is a piece of metal, usually made of brass, approximately 3 to 4 centimeters long, and half of its length, which is placed in the player’s hand, is covered with wax.”
Today, according to the taste and type of sonority of the musician, different types of materials are used in percussion, including bone, horn, oyster, steel, etc. in different shapes and forms.
Executive and technical characteristics of tar
“Scratches (arpeggios) and two- or three-tone chords can be played on the strings, and it is also possible to play the notes on the bass string with the thumb of the right hand.”
Pantheon: It is a type of playing on a stringed instrument that, without striking the percussion , a finger rests on the instrument and the next finger sounds the strings slowly.
Taken or Pizikato: Immediately after the last sound, the resonator is taken with the fingers of the left hand.
Push: In order to create a softer and more mature sound, the percussionist is brought to the tambourine and wounded.
From past musicians
Ali Akbar Khan Farahani: Mr. Ali Akbar Farahani, known as Mr. Mirza, the son of “Shah Vali”, was one of the most prominent musicians in the court of Naser al-Din Shah and a master of playing the strings.
Alinaghi Vaziri: Alinaghi Vaziri, known as Colonel Vaziri, was an Iranian musician and one of the pioneers of composing for the Iranian Music Orchestra.
He is known for his major influences on Iranian traditional music, including the creation of a method for notation and the method of arranging rows.
Darvish Khan: Darvish Khan with his real name Gholam Hossein Darvish is one of the famous artists and masters of Iranian traditional music in the late Qajar period.
Darvishkhan is considered to be the first victim of traffic accidents in Iran.
Mirza Abdullah : Mirza Abdullah Farahani was a prominent master of Iranian music and a well-known percussionist. He was one of the most influential figures in Iranian music and organized the ranks of Iranian music. Mirza Abdullah, the son of Aqa Ali Akbar, was a string player during the reign of Nasser al-Din Shah, and the father of Ahmad Ebadi was a great string player.
Aghahsingholi Khan: Mirza Husainqali Farahani, known as Agha Hosseinghli, was one of the famous tar musicians of the late Qajar period.
He was the younger son of Agha Ali Akbar Farahani, the oldest famous musician of the Nasser al-Din Shah period. Mr. Husseinghli was a student of his older brother Mirza Abdullah. Then he became a student of Mr. Gholam Hossein.
Ali Akbar Khan Shahnazi: Ali Akbar Shahnazi was the son of Mir Hossein Hosseinghli, a famous Iranian musician and musician.
Gholam Hossein Bigjehkhani: Gholam Hossein Bigjehkhani was a prominent string player and one of the teachers of Tabriz school of Iranian music.
Mohammad Reza Lotfi: Mohammad Reza Lotfi was a conductor, musician, composer, prominent string and setar player, as well as a researcher and teacher of Iranian traditional music.
He was one of the influential figures of Iranian music. And with the creation of works such as “Iran, O House of Hope”, “Martyr Caravan”, “Restless Brother” and “He Knows Love”, he reached the masses.
Farhang Sharif: Farhang Sharif was an Iranian string player.
Among the famous musicians today are Hossein Alizadeh, Houshang Zarif, Dariush Talaei, Dariush Pirniakan and..
The best tar class in Karaj
String training classes are held in Karaj at the Gaam Music School .
Classes are held by professors who have extensive teaching and academic experience in this field.
For more information, you can contact Gaam Music School every day from 10:00 to 20:00 .
Tar training in Karaj – Tar teaching in Karaj – Tar class in Karaj