Daf training classes are held in Karaj at Gaam Music School.
The daf is a percussion instrument with a wooden ring on which a thin skin is drawn and played with the fingertips. This instrument is larger than a tambourine.
The daf was used in the Islamic period in Iran and was one of the main pillars of mysticism. Dr. Mohammad Moin considers the word daf to be derived from the Hebrew word taf meaning to beat. Getting a daf sound in the studio is very difficult. The daf and reed are also instruments of the samar (Sufi story).
Today, the daf instrument has become a favorite of many Iranian musicians and has found a worthy place in our traditional music. Famous daf musicians include Bijan Kamkar and Massoud Habibi. The use of this instrument is also common in Iranian folk music such as the music of Kurdistan and Azerbaijan.
Daf learning process
The process of learning the daf instrument is such that the student is first introduced to the concepts of music theory and rhythm reading. Then you will be taught how to hold the instrument and the beats used.
The main body of the daf is a short, cylindrical body made of wood with animal skins or plastic stretched on one side.
The beginning and the end of the main frame are glued together with an angled cut (so-called Persian cut) and the thickness of one side of the frame is reduced by shaving the wood and the skin is attached to this edge and is fastened with a nail.
The daf body can be divided into the following components:
The original frame
The ridge is a wooden ring with a width of 5 to 6.5 cm and a diameter of 50 to 60 cm. The thickness of the wood is 2 to 3 mm from the skin and 1.5 cm from the back.
If the bow is made into a circle and has perfect symmetry and the skin is stretched on the same sides, the instrument will have a very good sound. A depression is located on the back of the frame, which is where the thumb is placed, and it is called the thumb.
Artificial skin has properties compared to natural skin, including:
Having a fixed stitch
Ability to tune with notes for any given daf
uniform thickness of the daf skin surface
A level stretch and uniformly used materials throughout the skin
Lack of moisture absorption due to no change of state due to it
no change in the running stitch
Does not warp the buckle due to the uniform stretch of the skin
Non-degradable by bacteria and microbes
No unpleasant odor
No loss of value due to lack of skin quality
More popular than natural leather instruments
To make daf with natural skin, the skins of animals such as sheep, goats, deer and ewes are used. Suitable skin is skin that is old. For the test, if we apply water to the skin and it does not emit an unpleasant odor, the skin is old.
The skin should be well tanned, ie the thickness of all its parts should be the same. Materials such as lime used in the leather industry should not be used for tanning. Instead, it should be soaked in water and the hair should be removed from the skin over time. Lime and chemicals used in leather making. Remove the oil from the skin and have a bad effect on its sound.
In the wall inside the arch, nails are installed like hooks on which 3 or 4 metal rings are installed with a distance of 3 cm from the skin and 1 cm from the side handle.
In order to restrain and hold the skin on the ridge at the back, at a thickness of 1.5 cm, the ridge is restrained by flat-headed nails (similar to pins).
The best daf class in Karaj
Daf training classes in Karaj are held at Gaam Music School by professors who have academic education and extensive educational experience in this field.
These courses are held from beginner to professional level and are accompanied by live performances. For more information, you can contact Gaam Music School every day from 10:00 to 20:00 .
To get acquainted with other instruments, including the violin, refer to the violin training page .